Citizens for Safe Technology
Empowering the public to protect children
and nature from unsafe wireless technologies.
Animals: Wild and Domestic
ANIMALS - WILD and DOMESTIC: INTRODUCTION to TOPIC
Wild Creatures, Pets and Domestic Farm Animals
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Bibliography of 149 studies reporting significant effects of electromagnetic fields on birds, bees, frogs and other animals. Updated June 2012
Here are references and links to 153 articles reporting significant effects from EMF exposures on wildlife and domestic animals. The current ICNIRP's safety guidelines for radiofrequency exposures were onlydeveloped to protect healthy adult males from exposures lasting 6 minutes. How much evidence is needed before we apply the precautionary principle?
Wi-Fi in Schools Australia (website)
"Globally, an increasing scientific understanding is rapidly emerging that wireless technologies are causing harm to wildlife and our domestic animals.
"Alfonso Balmoro (PhD), a wildlife biologist from Spain, claims electromagnetic radiation is a potential cause for the decline of animal populations and for the deterioration of plant health near mobile phone masts. He explains that microwave and radiofrequency pollution create long term health effects to wildlife because the phone masts are irradiating continuously, (A. Balmori, Electromagnetic pollution from phone masts. Effects on wildlife, Pathophysiology -2009).
"Research studies show that harmful effects have been observed on an array of animals including bees, worms, fruit flies, amphibians, rats, monkeys, birds, bird eggs and varieties of livestock. www.livingplanet.be/emranimals.htm
"One explanation for some of the harmful effects is related to magnetite which occurs naturally as part of the animal's physiology. Magnetite has a navigational function used by animals including bees, butterflies, birds, fish and dolphins. Around mobile phone towers for example, interference to the bird's magnetic navigation attributes to nests containing fewer eggs and chicks showing deformities and subsequently, populations of bird species are in decline. . . .
"The ever increasing use of wireless technologies clearly means that helping our wildlife and animals has never been more urgent."
a White Paper for the Anthropogenic Panel, 5th International Partners in Flight Conference
This paper briefly reviews some of the significant human-related causes of bird mortality in the U.S., with a focus on empowering stakeholders including industry and other affected parties regarding steps each can take to avoid, minimize and mitigate direct and indirect impacts from projects on migratory birds.
Abstract and Introduction
Current Bird Status; Comparing Estimates of Take; Variables to Consider in Assessing Impacts
Thumbnail Comparisons of Some Causes of Bird Mortality
Paul Ouellette has been feeding birds in the Rolling Hills neighborhood for several years and said since the city installed smart water meters he has not had to buy bird feed for the multiple feeders in his yard.
" . . . While there is much information and misinformation on the effects of the high-frequency pulse on the health of humans, there is little research into the effect on small wildlife such as birds. The meters operate at a frequency similar to cell phones and other portable communications devices and while some minor health effects have been reported, such as problems sleeping or dizziness or nausea, the meters are generally considered safe for humans.
"Ouellette said he thinks the city's meters may be different somehow, as the power and gas meters in the neighborhood were also fitted with smart meters last year and they did not seem to have an effect on the neighborhood's wildlife.
"But since the city's have gone on, he and Chase both said the change was obvious and immediate. . . .
" . . . What has most likely driven the cat and increasing numbers of humans to the breaking point is the new juxtaposition of pulsed microwave radiation generated by the deployment of the smart meter grid across the United States. She (the cat) has retreated to the downstairs bathroom, sleeping in the sink and eating, drinking and eliminating within two confined rooms at the mid-point of radiation from the antenna-laden water tower up the hill from the house and the pulsing electric meter on the other side. . . .
Yale study is first experimental evidence that cell phones affect behavior - Researcher Hugh Taylor, MD
"Cellphone radiation exposure during pregnancy impacts fetal brain development and may cause hyperactivity, Yale School of Medicine researchers say. Dr. Hugh Taylor, a medical professor and chief of Yale's Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, co-authored a recent study to probe the impact of cellphone exposure on pregnancies.
"We had pregnant mice in cages and we just simply put a cellphone on top of the cage. In half the mice, the cellphone was active and in half of the ... cages the cellphone was turned off so it wasn't transmitting a signal at all," Taylor said. Taylor said the researchers allowed the mice to give birth and waited until offspring were young adults before behaviours were tested.
"The mice exposed to cellphones were more active," Taylor said. "Their memory was slightly decreased ... these mice were basically bouncing off the walls and didn't have a care in the world." Taylor says the study shows there is a "biological basis" to suggest cellphone exposure can impact pregnancies. He says he is encouraging patients to be cautious with devices and recommends pregnant women hold phones away from the body.
"Health Canada has recommended that parents should encourage youth under 18 to cap mobile phone use, but the federal government says it does not intend to bar companies from advertising products to children. Health Canada says Canadians can use headsets and slash the length of calls in order to reduce radiation exposure . . .
Study - Prashant Rupera
" . . . The biochemical tests indicated that after exposure there is a decrease in assimilatory pigments
like chlorophylls and anthocyanins which shows decrease in photosynthetic rate in plants. At the
same time, the carotenoid pigment content increased which resulted in the aging effect," director
of Junagadh-based Noble Group of Institutions Ved Vyas Dwivedi said . . .
"At the same time, carbohydrates like starch and cellulose, which are the main constituents of leaf cell wall decrease upon long term exposure. Sugar and water content also got decreased," said Dwivedi . . .
"Shockingly, in tulsi, which is a medicinal plant, its anti-microbial activity reduced after the plant was exposed to electromagnetic waves.
"If plants and trees are not taken care of, then it would be unrealistic to think of green world in a few years," they say. The scientists now plan to submit their work and results to Gujarat Council on Science and Technology, Gandhinagar so that a mass scale awareness campaign can be taken up . . .
Are we Killing Birds with Radiation? British Columbia
"Apart from birds getting disoriented and dying in the vicinity of cell phone towers, could the radiation be responsible for the persistence of what we call the bird flu? The illness has been killing chickens and other fowl and is officially attributed to a common virus with the designation H5N1. Former Royal Canadian Navy officer Larry Blackhall thinks there may be a connection.
"Apart from the appalling and very stressful conditions of the birds caged in huge factory farms, there may be another factor that has not been considered enough. In a paper he submitted to the Canadian Parliament's Standing Committee on Discussing the bird flu disaster in BC, Canada, in early 2004 when 19 million birds (the entire provincial stock) were destroyed, Blackhall gives some further specifics . . .
"Radiation from mobile towers may have varying negative impact on wildlife especially birds and bees, according to the Environment Ministry.
"Amid concerns over health hazards and impact on wildlife due to mobile tower radiation, the Environment Ministry has issued an advisory asking the Department of Telecommunications not to permit new mobile towers within a one-km radius of the existing ones.
"Noting there was a need to prevent the negative impact of electro-magnetic radiations (EMR) on birds and bees, the Ministry directed that the new towers should be constructed with utmost care and precautions "so as not to obstruct flight path of birds, and also not to increase the combined radiation from all towers in the area". . .
". . . GIS mapping of all cell phone towers should be maintained which would, inter alia, help in monitoring the population of birds and bees in and around the mobile towers and also in and/or around wildlife protection areas . . .
Research Institute for Nature and Forest, Brussels, Belgium
"A possible effect of long-term exposure to low-intensity electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone (GSM) base stations on the number of House Sparrows during the breeding season was studied in six residential districts in Belgium. We sampled 150 point locations within the 6 areas to examine small-scale geographic variation in the number of House Sparrow males and the strength of electromagnetic radiation from base stations. Spatial variation in the number of House Sparrow males was negatively and highly significantly related to the strength of electric fields from both the 900 and 1800 MHz downlink frequency bands and from the sum of these bands . . . This negative relationship was highly similar within each of the six study areas, despite differences among areas in both the number of birds and radiation levels. Thus, our data show that fewer House Sparrow males were seen at locations with relatively high electric field strength values of GSM base stations and therefore support the notion that long-term exposure to higher levels of radiation negatively affects the abundance or behavior of House Sparrows in the wild . . .
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Citizens For Safe Technology
"Wi-Fi: Is It Safe?"
Citizens for Safe Technology is a not-for-profit educational society made up of parents, grandparents, teachers, business professionals, scientists, politicians and lawyers concerned about the exponential increase in public exposure to harmful wireless technologies.
We believe a profound urgency exists to protect the unsuspecting public, especially children, youth and pregnant mothers from unsafe wireless technologies.
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