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SCIENCE and RESEARCH: INTRODUCTION to TOPIC   Studies and articles relating to human biology and low level microwave radiofrequency fields

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Aug 9

" . . . In the present study we showed that the percentages of positive results differ significantly between studies with real mobile phone exposures and studies with simulated exposures, regardless of biological samples or other procedure details. The basic difference between real and simulated mobile telephony EMFs is the inherent significant variability of the first which we believe is the reason for the strong divergence in the experimental results.

"In spite of the criticism on the studies employing real exposures by health agencies (the different aspects of which we extensively addressed) and the consequent difficulty in the publication process, the number of studies with real mobile phone emissions is increasing rapidly in the peer-reviewed literature, especially during the last years. An increasing number of scientists realize that real exposures by commercially available mobile phone handsets are the only way to represent conditions experienced by users in real-life, since they are very different and considerably more bioactive than the exposures made by simulated fields. . . .

"As the scientific database regarding the biological effects of EMFs emitted by modern telecommunications continues to grow, it is important for experimental study designs to grow in rigor and provide a more informed basis for interpretation. One important step is to employ real-life exposures.

"To investigate the biological/health effects from a widely accessible device exposing daily billions of humans we should not try to simulate the device but simply use the device itself. In particular, we should not try to simulate its real varying emissions with totally unrealistic invariant ones. This is a serious scientific flaw that may lead to totally devious results with enormous adverse consequences for public health."

Aug 1

Fruit Flies and Electrical Fields

University of Southhampton - Electric fields affect wing movement, leading to agitation and changes in brain chemistry

"A new piece of research led by the University of Southampton has found that the behaviour of fruit flies, which are commonly used in laboratory experiments, is altered by electric fields. The research indicates that the wings of the insects are disturbed by static electric fields, leading to changes in avoidance behaviour and the neurochemical balance of their brains.

""Fruit flies are often used as model organisms to understand fundamental problems in biology," say Professor Philip Newland, Professor of Neuroscience at the University of Southampton and lead author of the study. "75 per cent of the genes that cause disease in humans are shared by fruit flies, so by studying them we can learn a lot about basic mechanisms. . . .

Jul 23

How Radio Waves Make You Sicker

Autoimmunity Research Foundation

Published on 29 Jun 2015

At the 5th International Symposium on the "Interaction of Nervous and Immune Systems in Health and Disease" in St Petersburg, Russia, on 26 June 2015, Prof. Trevor Marshall described two simple experiments which demonstrate that many patients with chronic disease also exhibit an Electromagnetic Hyper-Sensitivity (EHS), which makes their disease symptoms worse. The experiments are easily replicated, and the Autoimmunity Research Foundation is making available equipment to speed that process. The US CDC estimates that half of all US adults suffer from a chronic disease, potentially making EHS a major Public Health priority.

Jun 23

"People with pacemakers have been warned not to keep their smartphones in their top pocket after scientists discovered they can make the devices stop. . . .

"Researcher Dr Carsten Lennerz said: "Pacemakers can mistakenly detect electromagnetic interference (EMI) from smartphones as a cardiac signal, causing them to briefly stop working.

 "This leads to a pause in the cardiac rhythm of the pacing dependent patient and may result in syncope. "For implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) the external signal mimics a life threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmia, leading the ICD to deliver a painful shock." . . .

 "The research was presented at a joint meeting of the European Heart Rhythm Association and the European Society of Cardiology in Milan, Italy.

Jun 10

Scientific evidence contradicts findings and assumptions of Canadian Safety Panel 6 (Martin Pall)

microwaves act through voltage-gated calcium channel activation to induce biological impacts at non-thermal levels, supporting a paradigm shift for microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic field action - Martin Pall

  • Introduction 
  • EMFs act via stimulation of voltage gated calcium channels (VGCCs) 
  • Three other types of observations that contradict the assumptions of current safety standards 
  • The properties of VGCCs and other voltage-gated ion channels may make them uniquely susceptible to low intensity MF activation 
  • Canadian Royal Society Expert Panel Report on radio frequency fields  
  • What is in the report?
  • Genotoxicity of non-thermal microwave exposures: examples of"inconsistency? 
  • Karl Popper and how to assess scientific evidence 
  • Some other aspects
  • Cataract formation as claimed effects of microwave-caused heating 
  • Summary of the report 
  • How VGCC activation by microwave/ RF exposure can produce a variety of important biological responses 
  • Biologically-based EMF safety standards 
  • Brief overview 
  • References

Jun 10


May 18th 2015 - 5th Paris Appeal Congress, Royal Academy of Medicine, Belgium - European Cancer and Environment Research Institute


Congress Organisation Committee: 

  • Dominique Belpomme (France), 
  • Ernesto Burgio (Italy), 
  • Christine Campagnac (France), 
  • Vincent Castronovo (Belgium), 
  • Janos Frühling (Belgium), 
  • Jean Huss (Luxembourg), 
  • Philippe Irigaray (France), 
  • Paul Lannoye (Belgium), 
  • Peter Ohnsorge (Germany).

May 17

Scientific evidence contradicts findings and assumptions of Canadian Safety Panel 6 (Martin Pall)

microwaves act through voltage-gated calcium channel activation to induce biological impacts at non-thermal levels, supporting a paradigm shift for microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic field action

I am attaching my recent paper published in Reviews on Environmental Health that provides a detailed critique of the 2014 Canadian Report, showing that each of the major positions taken by the Panel of Experts in support of their view that only heating effects need be considered are deeply flawed. These include the claim that there is no biophysically viable mechanism for non-thermal effects and specifically for non-thermal effects causing cancer; includes the claim for "inconsistencies" in the literature, where the only primary literature they provide (on genotoxicity) that they assert supports that claim is shown to have no inconsistencies whatsoever -- rather that literature shows that different cell types and different EMFs produce different responses, showing biological heterogeneity, not inconsistency; includes the claim that cataracts are caused by heating, a claim shown to be falsified by three studies which the Report fails to cite and also falsified by findings that elevated levels of intracellular calcium have essential roles in causing cataracts and that VGCC activation can cause cataracts; includes the fact that although they throw out huge numbers of studies because of undocumented claims of inconsistency, they fail to throw out their own view on heating effects although it is clearly inconsistent with thousands of published studies.

This is a public access paper which can, therefore, be freely forwarded and freely placed onto internet sites. The paper has several other important parts to it. It updates the evidence that microwave/lower frequency EMFs act via activation of the voltage-gated calcium channels with biological effects being produced by downstream effects of increased intracellular calcium [Ca2+]i. The most important update is that the voltage sensor of the VGCCs can be seen to be extraordinarily sensitive to weak EMFs because of its structure and position in the plasma membrane. It is probably millions of times more sensitive than perhaps any structure in the cell outside the plasma membrane. I don't consider this to be a biophysical model, there are too many uncertainties about it to be considered such a model, but it clearly shows that the claims that there cannot be a biophysically viable mechanism for biological responses to weak, non-thermal EMFs do not apply to the VGCC voltage sensor. Of course you only have to be wrong once for this claim to be wrong.

It also reviews the literature that pulsed fields are often more biologically active than are non-pulsed fields and also the literature that there are window effects where specific intensity windows produce larger biological responses than do windows that do intensities that are either lower or higher. Again, you are welcome to forward this as you wish and/or place it on the internet.

 Best wishes to you all,
 Martin Pall

One of the things that Dr. Pall does not address in the following letter is that Health Canada itself selected the panel members, many of whom, such as John Moulder, Ken Foster, Daniel Krewski, have been long time industry supporters,  Krewski was named as Chair, but was shown to have had financial conflicts of interests he did not declare, resulting in his resignation. For some reason Moulder's and Foster's conflicts of interest were not addressed. The selection process was not transparent.

Likewise, Health Canada selected the studies that were to be reviewed, and in advance of the final report refused to provide the list of studies when requested. The entire process has been highly controlled, and the results, as expected, were basically to maintain the status quo - no evidence to show harm that is not attributable to RF exposures that cause heating.

Now that there are more of us educated on the topic as well as on the industry affiliates who promote the public's ignorance, it has become harder for these conclusions to be accepted.

We expect that the FCC's process is equally flawed, and hope that it will be similarly reviewed and criticized.

Apr 9

ELF MF - Melatonin, Alzheimers, Breast Cancer

BioInitiative 2012 Section 13 - Updated Chapter - Davanipour and Sobel


"Using the Precautionary Principal, mitigating exposure is a proper goal. Mean occupational exposures over 10 mG or intermittent exposures above 100 mG should be lowered to the extent possible. In situations where this is not feasible, the daily length of exposure should curtailed. Lowering ELF MF exposure can be done by improved placement of the source(s) of magnetic fields (e.g., electric motors in sewing machines, AC/DC converters), shielding, and redesign. It is clear that re-engineering products can greatly lessen ELF MF exposure, and possibly result in important innovations. It is noted that certain automotive models produce medium to high ELF MFs, as do steel-belted radial tires (Milham et al., 1999).


"All of the studies discussed have based exposure classifications using magnetic field (MF) measurements, not electric field (EF) measurements. We separately discuss extremely low frequency (ELF, ≤ 60 Hz) MFs and radiofrequency (RF) MFs. Furthermore, the discussion is primarily limited to investigations related to ELF MF exposure as a possible risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), female breast cancer (BC), and the possible biological pathways linking ELF MF exposure to AD and BC incidence, e.g., reduction in the production of melatonin. . . .

Apr 5

Long term exposure to Wi-Fi linked to neurodegenerative disease

Effects of 2.4 GHz Radiofrequency Radiation Emitted from Wi-Fi Equipment on microRNA Expression in Brain Tissue.

"Long term exposure of 2.4 GHz RF may lead to adverse effects such as neurodegenerative diseases originated from the alteration of some miRNAs expression and more studies should be devoted to the effects of RF radiation on miRNAs expression levels.  

"Dr. Joel Moskowitz comments: The significant effects on microRNAs observed in this study were found from Wi-Fi exposure that was well below the legal limit. The FCC's whole-body exposure limit for the general population is 0.08 watts/kilogram. In this study, the average whole body exposure was 0.0001414 watts/kilogram (141.4 μW/kg), and the peak exposure was 0.007127 watts/kilogram (7127 μW/kg)." 

Joel M. Moskowitz, Ph.D., Director
Center for Family and Community Health
School of Public Health
University of California, Berkeley

Mar 22

" . . . To sum up, the preliminary results of a four-year monitoring revealed the following.

1. All children from the test group showed an increase in the number of wrong phonetic perception (incorrect phoneme recognition). The contralateral effect was registered in in 79.3% of all cases.

2. 66.7% of children from the test group showed the increased reaction time to audio signal.

3. At the end of fourth year of observations, 50.7% of children from the test group demonstrated lower performance. Half of those cell phone users were performing at the lower level of their age norm.

4. Considerable increase in the fatigue was registered in 39.7% of all the cases, and these changes should be seen as substantial in 30% of the cases.

5. Registered declines in productivity (14.3%) and / or accuracy (19.4%) when the stability of voluntary attention has been tested; and lower accuracy (19.4%) and / or increasing the time (30.1%) when semantic memory has been tested, i.e. the deterioration of cognitive processes in general|.

6. Although in most cases, changes in psychophysiological indicators were staying within the age norms, we found steady decline from high results to the lower limit of norm (performance, voluntary attention and semantic memory, audio-and visual-motor reactions).

These data and continuous active children's use of mobile phones call for further research and observations.

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